Samuel Latham Mitchill, doctor, naturalist, politician

Samuel Latham Mitchill (1764 – 1831) was a physician, naturalist, and politician. He attended medical school at the University of Edinburgh. He returned to the United States after medical school and completed law school. As a lawyer he oversaw the purchase of lands in western New York from the Iroquois Indians in 1788. He taught chemistry, botany, and natural history at Columbia College from 1792 until 1801 and was a founding editor of The Medical Repository, the first medical journal in the United States. Besides teaching, practicing medicine and research, he also became involved in politics. He served in the New York Assembly, the US House of Representatives, and became a Senator.… Read More

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Dr. Henry Shively, TB doctor

Dr.Henry Shively was a doctor for Tuberculosis patients at Presbyterian Hospital in New York City. He realized that it was helpful for a person with TB to get fresh air and live someplace sanitary, so the Shively Sanitary Tenements were conceived. The complex was designed by architect Henry Atterbury Smith and completed in 1912. Much of it was paid for by Mrs. William Vanderbilt. Around the turn of the century, activists were increasingly concerned about the squalid living conditions of New York City’s poor. They believed the lack of sanitation was contributing to both the physical and moral decay of the… Read More

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Dr. Alexander Skene, inventor of surgical instruments

Alexander Johnston Chalmers Skene (1837 – 1900) was a British gynecologist from Scotland who described what became known as Skene’s glands. He came to North America at the age of 19 to study. He began his studies in Toronto, continued in Michigan and and finally at the Long Island College Hospital (now the State University of New York Downstate Medical Center) in Brooklyn. He graduated in 1863 and began a career in the Army. After the army he entered private practice in Brooklyn and became a Professor of Disease of Women at Long Island College Hospital. He was professor of gynecology at the Medical School of New York in 1884,… Read More

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Janos Marton, Director of The Living Museum

Janos Marton was born in Hungary in 1949 and grew up a legacy of the Holocaust. His father, a dissident economist, was taken off to prison for six years on the day his son was born. In the 1960s the Martons received political asylum in Austria and moved to Vienna, where J anos attended high school and studied psychology. He began working with other doctors that used art work to communicate with mental patients while at the Landers Clinic near Vienna. In 1976, Dr. Marton received a Ph.D. in psychology and in 1980, a M.A. in fine arts at Columbia… Read More

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