Samuel Swartwout, embezzler, Burr confidant

Samuel Swartwout (November 17, 1783 – November 21, 1856) was an soldier, merchant, speculator, and politician. He is best known for his role in the Swartwout-Hoyt scandal, in which he was alleged to have embezzled $1,222,705.09 during his tenure as Collector of the Port of New York. Along with his brothers John and Brigadier General Robert Swartwout, Samuel was a close ally of Aaron Burr in his early career in New York State politics. Samuel Swartwout remained close to Burr throughout the latter’s life, and was his traveling companion on several long trips. Swartwout’s close association with Andrew Jackson and his support of him in the presidential election of 1828, led to his… Read More

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Dr. John Charlton, fought for licensing of medical doctors

Dr. John Charlton (1731-1801), was a celebrated English surgeon who arrived in New York with British troops during the Revolutionary War. Following England’s defeat, Charlton remained in the newly independent colonies and became the president of the Medical Society of the State of New York. The organization  began in 1749 and  struggled through the Revolutionary period due to poor organization. In 1794, Charlton reorganized the group, and by 1796, the Society had begun to influence local and state health policy. As president of the Society, Dr. Charlton fought for the inclusion of educational standards in the licensing requirements for medical… Read More

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